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Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Troy Sadkowsky - Wednesday, June 28, 2017

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Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Artificial intelligence has experienced a boom in recent years due to the increasing automation and generation of big data. Due to deep learning and artificial neural networks, machines are acquiring new perceptual abilities, such as recognizing images, speech, or reading handwriting, paving the way for an infinite number of new applications in human lives. However, this leap forward in AI processing comes at a cost – the reasoning behind the choices that deep learning networks make has become inscrutable to the engineers that built them.

Progress in automated vision greatly benefits from deep learning because general visual processing is far too complex to code by hand. A program that can learn by observing human example or through complicated training sets, and can generate its own algorithms through an interconnected network of a dozen to several hundred layers of simulated neurons, positions us that much closer to a self-driving car, or other AI programs capable of sophisticated automated decision-making. But if we cannot understand a program’s individual decisions – why it chose to drive into a tree, why a patient’s medications should be changed, why one individual was hired for the job and another flagged as a terrorist – what ethical and moral boundaries are we crossing? And if an artificial intelligence program is not 100% accurate, as they rarely are, what are the dangers of putting ourselves at the mercy of a machine’s mistakes?

According to an article in MIT Technology Review (https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604087/the-dark-secret-at-the-heart-of-ai/), trust will be a key factor in future applications of deep learning. Once machines can explain their reasoning to humans, we will better be able to learn from and act on their insights. Research is underway to develop tools for machine learning programs to be able to explain themselves. Regina Barzilay, at MIT, is developing a system that can collaborate with doctors by extracting snippets of text that represent patterns it has discover, and Carlos Guestrin’s system, from the University of Washington, highlights significant keywords or parts of an image to support a particular decision.

However, interpretable deep learning is far off, and even then, explanations offered by machines will always be simplified to a degree, which will always make trusting machine learning programs controversial. As a consequence, the European Union might soon pass legislation to make explanations for automated decisions a fundamental legal right, required of the companies that implement AI machine programs.

Jeff Clune, an investigator at the University of Wyoming testing deep neural networks, offers that, just as with human intelligence and decision-making, it is perhaps “the nature of intelligence that only part of it is exposed to rational explanation. Some of it is just instinctual, or subconscious, or inscrutable”. As deep learning offers more appealing possibilities in medicine, technology and other industries, when and should, society take the deep learning leap of faith?

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P.S Sorry for getting off-topic but I had to ask!
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Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Troy Sadkowsky - Wednesday, June 28, 2017

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000; min-height: 14.0px} span.s1 {font-kerning: none} span.s2 {text-decoration: underline ; font-kerning: none; color: #0000ff; -webkit-text-stroke: 0px #0000ff}

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Artificial intelligence has experienced a boom in recent years due to the increasing automation and generation of big data. Due to deep learning and artificial neural networks, machines are acquiring new perceptual abilities, such as recognizing images, speech, or reading handwriting, paving the way for an infinite number of new applications in human lives. However, this leap forward in AI processing comes at a cost – the reasoning behind the choices that deep learning networks make has become inscrutable to the engineers that built them.

Progress in automated vision greatly benefits from deep learning because general visual processing is far too complex to code by hand. A program that can learn by observing human example or through complicated training sets, and can generate its own algorithms through an interconnected network of a dozen to several hundred layers of simulated neurons, positions us that much closer to a self-driving car, or other AI programs capable of sophisticated automated decision-making. But if we cannot understand a program’s individual decisions – why it chose to drive into a tree, why a patient’s medications should be changed, why one individual was hired for the job and another flagged as a terrorist – what ethical and moral boundaries are we crossing? And if an artificial intelligence program is not 100% accurate, as they rarely are, what are the dangers of putting ourselves at the mercy of a machine’s mistakes?

According to an article in MIT Technology Review (https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604087/the-dark-secret-at-the-heart-of-ai/), trust will be a key factor in future applications of deep learning. Once machines can explain their reasoning to humans, we will better be able to learn from and act on their insights. Research is underway to develop tools for machine learning programs to be able to explain themselves. Regina Barzilay, at MIT, is developing a system that can collaborate with doctors by extracting snippets of text that represent patterns it has discover, and Carlos Guestrin’s system, from the University of Washington, highlights significant keywords or parts of an image to support a particular decision.

However, interpretable deep learning is far off, and even then, explanations offered by machines will always be simplified to a degree, which will always make trusting machine learning programs controversial. As a consequence, the European Union might soon pass legislation to make explanations for automated decisions a fundamental legal right, required of the companies that implement AI machine programs.

Jeff Clune, an investigator at the University of Wyoming testing deep neural networks, offers that, just as with human intelligence and decision-making, it is perhaps “the nature of intelligence that only part of it is exposed to rational explanation. Some of it is just instinctual, or subconscious, or inscrutable”. As deep learning offers more appealing possibilities in medicine, technology and other industries, when and should, society take the deep learning leap of faith?

Comments
Ronny commented on 29-Dec-2017 05:22 AM
Merely to follow up on the up-date of this subject matter on your blog and wish to let you know simply how much I valued the time you took to write this handy post.

Within the post, you actually spoke of how to really handle this issue with all convenience. It would be my own pleasure to build up some more ideas from your web page and come as much as offer other folks what I have learned from you. Thank you for your usual wonderful effort.


my site; zarabianie.wzsp.pl
Syracuse laptop repair commented on 30-Dec-2017 09:21 AM
Douglas Computing offers technical services and solutions for all residential, home offices, and business customers.
Our mission is to service our clients’ needs with exceptional service and utilize all of our
resources to ensure cost effective repair options. Douglas Computing is a company that values honesty and integrity and is dedicated to helping the community with their computer, laptops, and any other electronic issues.
We promise to always treat our customers with the respect they deserve, always remember that our customer’s time is valuable to them, always respond quickly, politely and honest, and
to always perform to the best of our ability for our clients
Aerocity escorts commented on 30-Dec-2017 07:29 PM
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INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION PEOPLE commented on 30-Dec-2017 09:06 PM
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INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION PEOPLE commented on 30-Dec-2017 09:07 PM
Hi there i am kavin, its my first occasion to commenting anyplace, when i read this
article i thought i could also make comment due to this good piece of writing.
fake gucci belt commented on 31-Dec-2017 04:21 AM
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for blogging. fake gucci belt
agensbobetonline.ing commented on 31-Dec-2017 11:02 PM
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agen poker commented on 02-Jan-2018 02:13 AM
Wow that was unusual. I just wrote an incredibly long comment but after I
clicked submit my comment didn't show up.
Grrrr... well I'm not writing all that over again. Anyway,
just wanted to say great blog!
Extenze review commented on 02-Jan-2018 09:31 AM
Hello would you mind sharing which blog platform
you're working with? I'm going to start my own blog in the near future but I'm having a tough time deciding between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.

The reason I ask is because your design and style seems different then most blogs and
I'm looking for something completely unique.

P.S Sorry for getting off-topic but I had to ask!
Extenze reviews
live Chat Sbobet commented on 02-Jan-2018 09:59 AM
To follow up on the up-date of this subject matter on your site and would wish to
let you know simply how much I treasured the time you took to create this valuable post.
Within the post, you actually spoke regarding how to seriously
handle this thing with all comfort. It would be my own pleasure
to collect some more concepts from your web-site and come up to offer other people
what I discovered from you. Many thanks for your usual
fantastic effort.
sex commented on 05-Jan-2018 09:29 AM
The camera will make the brightest of scenes seem
like it turned out taken during an eclipse. A model
with 3 CCD has a sensor that picks up every one of the different colors (Red,
Green, and Blue) leading to superior color reproduction. Here you'll be able to shop by theme
or browse a whole range of themes should you be sill unsure on which to base the party.
sex toys commented on 05-Jan-2018 06:13 PM
As a result of their work, Positive View's events have received coverage
from many global television networks and have recently been streamed for online
viewing. You don't have to put money into the biggest or heaviest tripod for private use.
You need a special connector typically termed as a Fire wire
or commonly known as as a possible IEEE 1394 high band connector.
drzwi commented on 09-Jan-2018 04:25 AM
Excellent post. I was checking continuously this blog and
I'm impressed! Very helpful information specially the last part :
) I care for such information much. I was seeking this particular information for
a very long time. Thank you and good luck.
Bernard commented on 11-Jan-2018 04:48 AM
Excellent blog! Do you have any tips for aspiring writers?

I'm planning to start my own blog soon but I'm a little lost on everything. Would you suggest starting with a free platform like Wordpress or go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that I'm totally confused .. Any ideas? Appreciate it!

my web blog ...credit card
seo India commented on 11-Jan-2018 06:58 PM
your site rocks. Thanks pagetraffic.com
chepest seo navneet commented on 11-Jan-2018 08:35 PM
interesting site. Thansk from navneet kaushal at pagetraffic.com
Top Seo Company India commented on 11-Jan-2018 11:26 PM
hi ! liked your website. Thanks from pagetraffic.com
Dorthea commented on 12-Jan-2018 02:48 AM
Thank you for the good writeup. It actually was a leisure account it.
Glance advanced to more delivered agreeable from you! However, how could we keep up a correspondence?

My websiteBody Jewelry
Emilio commented on 13-Jan-2018 04:19 AM
I have been surfing online greater than 3 hours nowadays, but I never found any attention-grabbing article like yours.

It's pretty value enough for me. Personally, if all website owners and bloggers made just right content material as you did, the web will probably be a lot more helpful than ever before.

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Paulo Enrico commented on 15-Jan-2018 01:38 AM
Hi there, after reading this awesome post i am too cheerful to share my know-how here with friends.


Também visite meu net-work :http://Help.Qhub.Com/
Maria Fernanda commented on 15-Jan-2018 02:13 AM
Heya fantastic blog! Does running a blog like this require a lot of work?
I've virtually no expertise in coding but I had been hoping to start my own blog soon. Anyhow, should you have any suggestions or tips for new blog owners please share. I know this is off subject nevertheless I just wanted to ask. Cheers!

Olhe em meu weblog ::Scortrio.com
Arnold commented on 15-Jan-2018 05:02 AM
hi!,I love your writing very a lot! share we be in contact more approximately your post on AOL?
I need a specialist on this house to resolve my problem. Maybe that's you! Taking a look ahead to see you.

Here is my web blog - friday shopping survival
Pedro João Pedro commented on 15-Jan-2018 07:43 AM
Hello! I've been reading your blog for some time now and finally got
the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from Atascocita Tx!

Just wanted to tell you keep up the great job!
acompanhantes de luxo Do rio de janeiro commented on 15-Jan-2018 08:17 AM
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I really like what you have acquired here, really like what
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to keep it sensible. I can not wait to learn far more from you.
This is really a terrific site.
bandar Ceme Indonesia commented on 16-Jan-2018 12:00 AM
I all the time emailed this blog post page to all my friends, because if like to read it after that my contacts will too.

Post a Comment




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Trackback Link
http://datascientists.com/BlogRetrieve.aspx?BlogID=10882&PostID=711829&A=Trackback
Trackbacks
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