Trending Topics

  1. Real VS pretentious data scientists Troy Sadkowsky 01-Mar-2017

Latest News from DS

From Bhutan 19-Feb-2017

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Troy Sadkowsky - Wednesday, June 28, 2017

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000; min-height: 14.0px} span.s1 {font-kerning: none} span.s2 {text-decoration: underline ; font-kerning: none; color: #0000ff; -webkit-text-stroke: 0px #0000ff}

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Artificial intelligence has experienced a boom in recent years due to the increasing automation and generation of big data. Due to deep learning and artificial neural networks, machines are acquiring new perceptual abilities, such as recognizing images, speech, or reading handwriting, paving the way for an infinite number of new applications in human lives. However, this leap forward in AI processing comes at a cost – the reasoning behind the choices that deep learning networks make has become inscrutable to the engineers that built them.

Progress in automated vision greatly benefits from deep learning because general visual processing is far too complex to code by hand. A program that can learn by observing human example or through complicated training sets, and can generate its own algorithms through an interconnected network of a dozen to several hundred layers of simulated neurons, positions us that much closer to a self-driving car, or other AI programs capable of sophisticated automated decision-making. But if we cannot understand a program’s individual decisions – why it chose to drive into a tree, why a patient’s medications should be changed, why one individual was hired for the job and another flagged as a terrorist – what ethical and moral boundaries are we crossing? And if an artificial intelligence program is not 100% accurate, as they rarely are, what are the dangers of putting ourselves at the mercy of a machine’s mistakes?

According to an article in MIT Technology Review (https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604087/the-dark-secret-at-the-heart-of-ai/), trust will be a key factor in future applications of deep learning. Once machines can explain their reasoning to humans, we will better be able to learn from and act on their insights. Research is underway to develop tools for machine learning programs to be able to explain themselves. Regina Barzilay, at MIT, is developing a system that can collaborate with doctors by extracting snippets of text that represent patterns it has discover, and Carlos Guestrin’s system, from the University of Washington, highlights significant keywords or parts of an image to support a particular decision.

However, interpretable deep learning is far off, and even then, explanations offered by machines will always be simplified to a degree, which will always make trusting machine learning programs controversial. As a consequence, the European Union might soon pass legislation to make explanations for automated decisions a fundamental legal right, required of the companies that implement AI machine programs.

Jeff Clune, an investigator at the University of Wyoming testing deep neural networks, offers that, just as with human intelligence and decision-making, it is perhaps “the nature of intelligence that only part of it is exposed to rational explanation. Some of it is just instinctual, or subconscious, or inscrutable”. As deep learning offers more appealing possibilities in medicine, technology and other industries, when and should, society take the deep learning leap of faith?

Comments
cagc2017.org/judi-bola-online-di-situs-agen-bola commented on 04-Dec-2017 02:41 PM
Hi, yup this article is in fact nice and I have learned
lot of things from it about blogging. thanks.
agen judi sbobet terpercaya commented on 04-Dec-2017 03:28 PM
Thanks for finally writing about >Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

<Loved it!
agen maxbet online commented on 04-Dec-2017 03:43 PM
What's up to all, how is everything, I think every one
is getting more from this website, and your views are nice in support
of new visitors.
Jolie commented on 05-Dec-2017 07:48 AM
Your style is really unique compared to other folks I have read stuff
from. Many thanks for posting when you've got
the opportunity, Guess I will just book mark this web site.
Escort Service in Delhi commented on 10-Dec-2017 01:45 AM
I am really impressed together with your writing talents
and also with the format for your blog. Is this a paid
subject matter or did you customize it your self?
Anyway stay up the nice quality writing, it is rare to see
a nice blog like this one nowadays..
Delhi Escort commented on 10-Dec-2017 09:52 AM
Howdy! I could have sworn I've been to this website before but after checking through
some of the post I realized it's new to me. Anyhow,
I'm definitely happy I found it and I'll be bookmarking
and checking back often!
Delhi Escort commented on 10-Dec-2017 11:03 AM
Thanks for another great post. The place else may anyone get that type of information in such a perfect way of writing?
I've a presentation next week, and I'm on the look for such info.
uderzyc commented on 10-Dec-2017 06:13 PM
I'm more than happy to uncover this web site. I want to to thank
you for ones time for this wonderful read!! I definitely appreciated
every little bit of it and I have you saved to fav to see new
information on your blog.
dog breed commented on 11-Dec-2017 08:39 PM
Hello, I enjoy reading all of your article post.
I like to write a little comment to support you.
Escorts in Goa commented on 12-Dec-2017 02:04 AM
Hi there to all, it's in fact a nice for me to pay a visit
this website, it contains important Information.
betway888.ltd commented on 12-Dec-2017 07:27 AM
It's perfect time to make a few plans for the long run and it's
time to be happy. I have read this put up and if
I may I wish to suggest you few attention-grabbing things or
tips. Maybe you can write next articles regarding this article.
I wish to learn more issues approximately it!
Agenjudionline212.com commented on 12-Dec-2017 03:43 PM
Thanks for sharing your thoughts about live game online.

Regards
nowbet888.com commented on 12-Dec-2017 06:15 PM
Good day very nice site!! Man .. Excellent
.. Superb .. I will bookmark your site and take the feeds also?
I am satisfied to seek out so many helpful info here within the publish, we want work out more strategies in this regard, thanks
for sharing. . . . . .
Chandigarh Escorts commented on 13-Dec-2017 01:30 AM
I'm curious to find out what blog system you're utilizing?

I'm having some minor security issues with
my latest site and I'd like to find something more risk-free.
Do you have any recommendations?

Post a Comment




Captcha Image

Trackback Link
http://datascientists.com/BlogRetrieve.aspx?BlogID=10882&PostID=711829&A=Trackback
Trackbacks
Post has no trackbacks.

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Troy Sadkowsky - Wednesday, June 28, 2017

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000; min-height: 14.0px} span.s1 {font-kerning: none} span.s2 {text-decoration: underline ; font-kerning: none; color: #0000ff; -webkit-text-stroke: 0px #0000ff}

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Artificial intelligence has experienced a boom in recent years due to the increasing automation and generation of big data. Due to deep learning and artificial neural networks, machines are acquiring new perceptual abilities, such as recognizing images, speech, or reading handwriting, paving the way for an infinite number of new applications in human lives. However, this leap forward in AI processing comes at a cost – the reasoning behind the choices that deep learning networks make has become inscrutable to the engineers that built them.

Progress in automated vision greatly benefits from deep learning because general visual processing is far too complex to code by hand. A program that can learn by observing human example or through complicated training sets, and can generate its own algorithms through an interconnected network of a dozen to several hundred layers of simulated neurons, positions us that much closer to a self-driving car, or other AI programs capable of sophisticated automated decision-making. But if we cannot understand a program’s individual decisions – why it chose to drive into a tree, why a patient’s medications should be changed, why one individual was hired for the job and another flagged as a terrorist – what ethical and moral boundaries are we crossing? And if an artificial intelligence program is not 100% accurate, as they rarely are, what are the dangers of putting ourselves at the mercy of a machine’s mistakes?

According to an article in MIT Technology Review (https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604087/the-dark-secret-at-the-heart-of-ai/), trust will be a key factor in future applications of deep learning. Once machines can explain their reasoning to humans, we will better be able to learn from and act on their insights. Research is underway to develop tools for machine learning programs to be able to explain themselves. Regina Barzilay, at MIT, is developing a system that can collaborate with doctors by extracting snippets of text that represent patterns it has discover, and Carlos Guestrin’s system, from the University of Washington, highlights significant keywords or parts of an image to support a particular decision.

However, interpretable deep learning is far off, and even then, explanations offered by machines will always be simplified to a degree, which will always make trusting machine learning programs controversial. As a consequence, the European Union might soon pass legislation to make explanations for automated decisions a fundamental legal right, required of the companies that implement AI machine programs.

Jeff Clune, an investigator at the University of Wyoming testing deep neural networks, offers that, just as with human intelligence and decision-making, it is perhaps “the nature of intelligence that only part of it is exposed to rational explanation. Some of it is just instinctual, or subconscious, or inscrutable”. As deep learning offers more appealing possibilities in medicine, technology and other industries, when and should, society take the deep learning leap of faith?

Comments
cagc2017.org/judi-bola-online-di-situs-agen-bola commented on 04-Dec-2017 02:41 PM
Hi, yup this article is in fact nice and I have learned
lot of things from it about blogging. thanks.
agen judi sbobet terpercaya commented on 04-Dec-2017 03:28 PM
Thanks for finally writing about >Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

<Loved it!
agen maxbet online commented on 04-Dec-2017 03:43 PM
What's up to all, how is everything, I think every one
is getting more from this website, and your views are nice in support
of new visitors.
Jolie commented on 05-Dec-2017 07:48 AM
Your style is really unique compared to other folks I have read stuff
from. Many thanks for posting when you've got
the opportunity, Guess I will just book mark this web site.
Escort Service in Delhi commented on 10-Dec-2017 01:45 AM
I am really impressed together with your writing talents
and also with the format for your blog. Is this a paid
subject matter or did you customize it your self?
Anyway stay up the nice quality writing, it is rare to see
a nice blog like this one nowadays..
Delhi Escort commented on 10-Dec-2017 09:52 AM
Howdy! I could have sworn I've been to this website before but after checking through
some of the post I realized it's new to me. Anyhow,
I'm definitely happy I found it and I'll be bookmarking
and checking back often!
Delhi Escort commented on 10-Dec-2017 11:03 AM
Thanks for another great post. The place else may anyone get that type of information in such a perfect way of writing?
I've a presentation next week, and I'm on the look for such info.
uderzyc commented on 10-Dec-2017 06:13 PM
I'm more than happy to uncover this web site. I want to to thank
you for ones time for this wonderful read!! I definitely appreciated
every little bit of it and I have you saved to fav to see new
information on your blog.
dog breed commented on 11-Dec-2017 08:39 PM
Hello, I enjoy reading all of your article post.
I like to write a little comment to support you.
Escorts in Goa commented on 12-Dec-2017 02:04 AM
Hi there to all, it's in fact a nice for me to pay a visit
this website, it contains important Information.
betway888.ltd commented on 12-Dec-2017 07:27 AM
It's perfect time to make a few plans for the long run and it's
time to be happy. I have read this put up and if
I may I wish to suggest you few attention-grabbing things or
tips. Maybe you can write next articles regarding this article.
I wish to learn more issues approximately it!
Agenjudionline212.com commented on 12-Dec-2017 03:43 PM
Thanks for sharing your thoughts about live game online.

Regards
nowbet888.com commented on 12-Dec-2017 06:15 PM
Good day very nice site!! Man .. Excellent
.. Superb .. I will bookmark your site and take the feeds also?
I am satisfied to seek out so many helpful info here within the publish, we want work out more strategies in this regard, thanks
for sharing. . . . . .
Chandigarh Escorts commented on 13-Dec-2017 01:30 AM
I'm curious to find out what blog system you're utilizing?

I'm having some minor security issues with
my latest site and I'd like to find something more risk-free.
Do you have any recommendations?

Post a Comment




Captcha Image

Trackback Link
http://datascientists.com/BlogRetrieve.aspx?BlogID=10882&PostID=711829&A=Trackback
Trackbacks
Post has no trackbacks.